Preprint on whether vaccines increased mortality
Is there a Link between the 2021 COVID-19 Vaccination Uptake in Europe and 2022 Excess All-Cause Mortality?https://www.preprints.org/manuscript/...
(Western Norway University of Applied Sciences).
Conflict of interest statement
The authors declare no conflict of interest.
We primarily study a possible link between 2021 COVID-19 vaccination uptake in Europe,
and monthly 2022 excess all-cause mortality,
(i.e., mortality higher than before the pandemic)
Analyses of 31 countries, Jan to September, 2022
31 EU member states, plus Norway, Iceland, Liechtenstein, Switzerland
increased more the higher the 2021 vaccination uptake
Countries with more covid vaccines in 2021 had higher excess mortality in first 9 months of 2022
Positive correlation between vaccination in 2021 and excess deaths in 2022
A one percentage point increase in 2021 vaccination uptake,
was associated with a monthly mortality increase in 2022 by 0.105%
(95% CI, 0.075-0.134).
When controlling for alternative explanations
The association remained robust
2021 all-cause mortality
Was lower the higher the vaccination uptake
Inverse correlation between previous covid vaccination and all-cause mortality in 2021
(this association became non-significant when controlling for alternative explanations)
EU experienced excess all-cause mortality in the first nine months of 2022
COVID-19 vaccination has prevented SARS- CoV-2-related hospital admission and deaths
Lancet (5th May 2021)https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/33964/
BMJ (13th May 2021)https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/33985/
COVID-19 vaccination has side effects such as myocarditis and pericarditis
JAMA Cardiology (1st June 2022)https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/35442/
JAMA (25th Jan 2022)https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/35076/
A recent study falsified a suspected association between the two diagnoses and COVID-19 virus infection
Journal of Clinical Medicine (15th April 2022)https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/35456/
Post COVID-19 infection was not associated with either myocarditis or pericarditis
Vaccination uptake is the percentage of the total population that has received a primary course by week 52, 2021.
The interaction between vaccination up- take and time passed in months since the beginning of 2022 is strongly significant and implies that the mortality increases the higher the vaccination uptake.
Potential reverse causality
Could the excess mortality have caused the increase in vaccinations?
Concerning alternative explanations
We controlled for average all-cause mortality in 2020 and 2021,
divided by the average between 2016 and 2019
Relatively low mortality at one period is followed by relatively high mortality later, and vice versa.
We still observed a significant association between 2021 vaccination uptake and the 2022 monthly increase in all-cause mortality.
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